He accepted the idea of a woman giving birth because the outcome of that would be a child so it would be a higher pleasure for the parents and as a consequence the child would cause much pleasure for the parents, whose individual liberty to choose to have a child is maintained.
With abortion being a personal issue, it seems that act utilitarianism is the most adequate theory because it looks at the consequences of an abortion, taking each situation into separate account of all others.
The views of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are significant in illustrating the effects of a Utilitarian approach to abortion.
These calculations were to be done on an individual basis which now allowed for each person to hold some accountability for their own pleasures and pain. He also believed that utilitarianism was a moral idealist theory, meaning that there is an ultimate morality for humans.
To the opposite of this are those who are pregnant with an unwanted child that may feel grief and are more than likely to become unhappy and even depressed from the birth of this child.
The third group that must be accounted for are the parents and extended family of the unborn child. Rule utilitarianism then becomes a method for judging various behaviors.
The problem that comes about under this approach is that many times the issues surrounding abortion never really come to a final conclusion, but instead multiple conclusions may be reached depending on the variation of circumstances that arise.
The purity of the pleasure means whether the action will bring more or less harm, for example, by having a child at a young age could jeopardise an education or a career. The one great distinction between Mill and others is the allowance for a calculation of pain and pleasure Riley, He does however feel that individuals should be rational enough to realize whether an event will have favorable or unfavorable outcomes Qizilbash, His theory remains teleological, using the outcome of an action to determine whether it is good or bad.
Secondly, the duration of the pleasure caused, might refer to the lifelong highs or lows from your child. Rule utilitarianism allows abortion to be labeled according to moral rules thus allowing each individual a chance at a more favorable outcome over an unfavorable one.
This again under Mills and the utilitarian theory becomes a moral act for those reasons. The problem with both of these possibilities is that who determines the amount of pain inflicted?
This sentiment goes the distance in explaining the type of utilitarianism Mill promoted. Evaluate a Utilitarian approach to Abortion Categories Free Essays Tags Abortion, the deliberate termination of a pregnancy, has been the subject of discussion and controversy for many decades.
Behind these debates are the most basic of ethical questions which do not always receive the attention they may deserve. It considers the hedonic calculus, designed by Bentham, which weighs up the pleasure and pain generated by the available moral actions; the theory mainly focuses on both pleasure and pain and the ability to maximize pleasure over pain.
Peter Singer, in my opinion, gives a thorough representation of the utilitarian method of ethics.Utilitarianism states that abortion, like all actions is an entirely neutral act until the consequences are evaluated.
Both ethical systems allow an opportunity for an individual to formulate an understanding of, and ethically right decision on abortion.
A Utilitarian Approach to Abortion The topic of abortion is possibly one of the more controversial topics in the bioethical world today. The major disputes regarding abortion occur over when, if at all, a foetus is considered a human being.
Evaluate a Utilitarian approach to Abortion. Abortion, the deliberate termination of a pregnancy, has been the subject of discussion and controversy for many decades.
Utilitarianism is the chief teleological ethical theory today which considers the consequences of an action; such as abortion. Utilitarianism is the chief teleological ethical theory today which considers the consequences of an action; such as abortion.
This ethical approach to abortion is useful because it determines that “an action is right if it produces the greatest good for the greatest number”.
Utilitarianism and Abortion (a) Explain how Bentham's version of Utilitarianism can be used to decide on the right course of action.  (b) Evaluate a Utilitarian approach to abortion.
Transcript of UTILITARIANISM APPLIED TO ABORTION. UTILITARIANISM AND ABORTION APPLIED ETHICS AVOIDS: BENTHAM 1. Does a woman have a 'right' to an abortion? HEDONISTIC PLEASURE AND PAIN HEDONISTIC CALCULUS ACTIVITY Using the Calculus work out whether abortion is morally acceptable.Download