Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionNelson Mandela: Umkhonto was formed by Africans to further their struggle for freedom in their own land. The incidence of infant mortality is one of the highest in the world. Below the final paragraph of his typewritten speech Mr Mandela wrote: Yutar, that counsel for the defence have sufficient experience to be able to advise their clients without your assistance.
This included charges of recruiting persons to undertake guerrilla warfare against the South African state, conspiring to aid foreign military against the republic, and furthering acts of communism.
Menial tasks in South Africa are invariably performed by Africans. Life in the townships is dangerous. He spoke for some three hours, before concluding with the often quoted passage "I am prepared to die".
Mr Mandela then gave the speech to Sylvia Neame, a political activist and the partner, at the time, of Mr Kathrada. Africans want to be part of the general population, and not confined to living in their own ghettos.
I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitationand oppression of my people by the whites.
I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation, and oppression of my people by the whites.
Basically, we fight against two features which are the hallmarks of African life in South Africa and which are entrenched by legislation which we seek to have repealed.
I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. There is sabotage, there is guerrilla warfare, there is terrorism, and there is open revolution.
The whites enjoy what may well be the highest standard of living in the world, whilst Africans live in poverty and misery. Africans want to be allowed to travel in their own country and to seek work where they want to and not where the Labour Bureau tells them to.
It is known as the Rivonia trial, after the Johannesburg suburb where some of the defendants were arrested.
They do not look upon them as people with families of their own; they do not realise that they have emotions - that they fall in love like white people do; that they want to be with their wives and children like white people want to be with theirs; that they want to earn enough money to support their families properly, to feed and clothe them and send them to school.
I, and the others who started the organisation, did so for two reasons. Similar facilities are not provided for the African children, though there are some who receive such assistance.
Ghettos Poverty and the breakdown of family life have secondary effects. This was a cruel act. In the Rivonia Trial Mr Mandela chose, instead of testifying, to make a speech from the dock and proceeded to hold the court spellbound for more than four hours.
It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. As far as Africans are concerned, both these avenues of advancement are deliberately curtailed by legislation.This is the full text of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of his trial on charges of sabotage, supreme court of South Africa, Pretoria, April 20 Nelson Mandela`s statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial.
Pretoria Supreme Court, 20 April I am the First Accused. April 20, – April 20, marks the 47th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s speech from the dock in the Rivonia Trial in which he said he was prepared to die for a democratic, non-racial South Africa. The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory has a rare typescript of the speech, which Mr Mandela autographed and gave as a gift to a comrade.
Nelson Mandela Trial () It's "the trial that changed South Africa." In the fall ofNelson Mandela and ten other leading opponents of South Africa's apartheid regime went on trial for their lives.
When Nelson Mandela was on trial for treason inhe made a speech in the courtroom. Instead of testifying in his own defense, Mandela spoke from the dock for more than three hours.Download