For example, this theory can be used to explain the difference between rich and poor in the society, and in particular how economic inequality creates health problems for the poor.
S, MPH SydneyAustralia Over past decades most countries around the world have seen widespread disparity in the society, wealth, race and gender.
Pakistan has very high religious and cultural influence on its people. Nonetheless, for implementing a strong policy for equitable health services, growing economy of a country is vital.
The developed countries have started making policies which would reduce the socioeconomic gradients. SUMMARY In Canada according to the law everyone has a right to good and timely health care, but in fact it can be seen that there are inequalities in access to the health care services of some part of the population.
Mackenbach suggest that many economists consider economic gap in society as an indicator of poor health. The Copt-Muslim child mortality gap results partly due to higher concentration of Copts in Upper Egypt, a region characterized by high mortality rates relative to the other regions of Egypt.
It can be said the poor have shorter life expectancies and have greater risk for chronic illness such as heart attacks, cancer and diabetes.
Less developed countries like Pakistan need a holistic approach by its all government sectors to combat the inequalities and promote a policy for equitable health services. Economic inequality is seen as leading to societal effects that potencially injure health through a process that creates decreased social cohesion or alternatively weakens community infrastructures.
Social life is viewed as continuous struggle among competing social groups, and conflict theory offers a useful method to analyze society. Therefore, for a country to have good health, it is important that there should be minimum gap between rich and poor.
The major theoretical perspectives that have emerged in sociology are the functionalist, conflict, feminist, and interactionist perspective. ED Social determinants of health. Each can be used to provide a hierarchical classification of socioeconomic position: Less developed countries like Pakistan highly rely on W.
However, to make such solid policies, enough data and political will are essential. Some of the diseases and health problems are confined to one particular sex.
This is not the case with only Pakistan. There are several factors responsible for the inequalities in health, for example, social, economic, gender and age related factors. It was found that the poor have worst health and die earlier than the rich, and may also not be aware of all health care resources available to them.
This can be argued against because the lower social class group rely on the public health insurance which provides the minimal quality of care while the upper social class have private insurance which provides maximal health care.
Pakistan, which also adopts the liberal policies of U. The widest health gap between social classes, however, was in Scotland and London, adding another dimension to the policy debate on resource allocation and targets to tackle the health divide.- Social class is a system of social stratification, the hierarchy creates specific types of social inequalities.
Social inequality refers to the existence of social inequalities created such as ownership, types of occupation that creates differences in wealth, income and power, while social stratification refers to the existence of social groups.
Social inequalities in contemporary society Learning Outcomes: 1) Explore the nature of contemporary society 2) Analyse how social inequalities influence the life chances and health of individuals To completely understand our changing society, we must look at the history of change we have gone through.
Social inequality refers to a situation in which individual groups in a society do not have equal social status, social class, and social circle.
Areas of social inequality include voting rights,freedom of speech and assembly, the extent of property rights and access to education, health care, quality housing, traveling, transportation, vacationing and other. The Socialist Health Association is a campaigning membership organisation. We promote health and well-being and the eradication of inequalities through the application of socialist principles to society and government.
We believe that these objectives can best be achieved through collective rather than individual action. HEALTH INEQUALITIES INTRODUCTION.
The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast different sociological perspectives of health and illness.
The definition of health, rather than being absolute is always relative and it differs from person to person. Ethnic Inequality in Health Care Essay examples - The purpose of this essay is to firstly give an overview of the existence of inequalities of health related to ethnicity, by providing some evidence that ethnic inequality in health is a reality in the society and include definitions of keywords.Download