Reflexes Infants at birth have reflexes as their sole physical ability. These are all sensory ways that the infant learns; however, we must make sure that the objects are clean and safe for the baby to explore. They respond to voices and seek to be picked up by reaching out.
Caring for these infants is usually viewed as easier for adults. They also show reaction to a human voice while ignoring other competing sounds. Although there are universally accepted assumptions or principles of human development, no two children are alike.
For example, a child will see a black dog with four legs and a tail and later see a black cat with four legs and a tail and call it a dog.
Infants will increase their vocalizations when persons hold or play with them. These three main areas of child development involve developmental changes which take place in a predictable pattern age relatedorderly, but with differences in the rate or timing of the changes from one person to another.
Other infants may rarely cry and are not bothered as much by change. This reflex disappears the first three or four months after birth. Separation anxiety is very strong by 15 months of age and begins to gradually weaken around this time also.
Perception To explore their world, young children use their senses touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing in an attempt to learn about the world.
Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety is another attachment behavior of infants. We also need to adjust to the temperament of different children. This reflex usually disappears by three weeks of age. Identifying colors, completing a maze, knowing the difference between one and many, and knowing how things are similar are all examples of cognitive tasks.
Pull self up in a standing position. By two years of age, the child shows a preference for one hand; however, hand dominance can occur much later at around four years of age.
Stand while holding on to furniture. New Insights into Early Development. Also important to object permanence is the understanding that other people exist all the time.
At birth, infants do not show a wide range of emotions.
Furthermore, when a child has been neglected, rejected, and does not feel secure, he has difficulty developing skills to socialize with others.
The first signs of separation anxiety appear at about six months of age and are more clearly seen by nine months of age.
Infants as early as one month old show signs of attachment in the form of anxiety if they are cared for by an unfamiliar person.Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts.
Children learn in a variety of ways. Play is an important vehicle for developing self-regulation and pro¬moting language, cognition, and social competence.
This Understanding children's development and learning module from The Open University UK is for people working with children and young people and looks at children's development and learning in cultural, educational and social contexts. By understanding your child’s development, you will be able to provide them with opportunities as well as toys that can boost their development and prepare them for the next phase of their growth.
At the same time, you as a parent would be able to set expectations and limits that are acceptable to your child. This professional development program helps teachers acquire the knowledge and skills they need to accommodate learning differences.
To date, the program has offered training to 30, teachers. An understanding of infant growth and development patterns and concepts is necessary for parents and caregivers to create a nurturing and caring environment which will stimulate young children's learning.
Understanding the stages of child development helps parents know what to expect and how to best support the child as she or he grows and develops. In many settings, early childhood programmes support parents and their children from infancy through age 8, which includes the important transition from home to school.Download